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Confirmed cases of mumps in Toronto now at 22

CityNews | posted Friday, Mar 3rd, 2017

There are now 22 confirmed cases of mumps in Toronto, the City said Thursday.

The city typically sees about five cases of the mumps every year.

Most people affected are among people aged 18 to 35, and about 40 per cent of them were up-to-date with the relevant vaccines.

People in that age group may be under-immunized, and are urged to check their vaccination records for measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) or measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) vaccines.

Last month, experts said people in that age group need to ensure they’ve had two doses of the shots to bolster their immunity.

The vaccine is about 88 per cent effective.

Increased mumps activity has also been noted in Winnipeg and Western Canada hockey teams, the City said Thursday.

How is mumps spread?
The mumps virus is found in saliva and respiratory droplets. It is spread from person to person through coughing, sneezing, and coming into contact with a person’s saliva by sharing drinks or utensils, food or water bottles, or by kissing. A major factor contributing to outbreaks is being in a crowded environment, such as attending the same class, playing on the same sports team or living in a dormitory with a person who has the mumps.

What are the symptoms?
Symptoms can last up to 10 days and include swelling and pain in one or more salivary glands, fever, headache, muscle aches and pains, fatigue and loss of appetite.

What are the dangers?
Complications from mumps can include encephalitis, meningitis, painful swelling of the testicles or the ovaries, pancreatitis and hearing loss. Pregnant women who become infected with mumps during the first three months of pregnancy are at risk of miscarriage.

Can you get mumps more than once?
No. Once you have had mumps you cannot get it again.


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